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1. Take a 14 inch or wider shallow container filled with heavy loamy soil (topsoil mixed and or clay soil and some 'play sand' (up to 30%), this mix should hold together if you grab it)
2. Dig a trench with your hand through the soil for the long bottom part of the tuber to be placed in the soil. Now gently place the tuber in the trench and carefully cover in the sections between the growth tips which will remain sticking up above the soil.
3. You may place ONE single stone between two growth tips to prevent the tuber from floating once the pot is submerged.
4. Fill or Submerge your container with just two to four inches of water above the surface of the soil or growth tips.
5. Place in Full Sun or close to it. Lotus need LOTS of sun and room to bloom.
Be sure not to use potting soil or anything with organics that will break down quickly or float.
We do NOT fertilize at all when planting lotus or they will burn.
Many gardeners do not plant their lotus in adequately wide containers and get few flowers or only leaves because of the cramped growing space. The more room and leaves the plant produces the more sugar those leaves can produce and the more flowers in the sunlight the leaves can provide sugar for, along with the proper nutrition.
Fertilize only AFTER you have established plant with 2 standing aerial leaves.
Fertilize monthly with pond tabbs. The first one or two treatments can be a small dose of only one or two tablets as to not burn the plant.
As you get more leaves standing high above the surface on a dwarf or medium plant you can increase fertilizer to 4 pond tablets or more ever two to three weeks as you see fit but be sure not to overfeed a lotus. You can always test the plant by giving it two tablets per week. Never push the tablets into a root and break the root, gently choose a spot away from the root. The roots grow at the very edge of the containers, round and round like a wreath.
When to Re-pot a Lotus
You will want to re-pot your lotus every two years in spring BEFORE they break dormancy as they will generally run out of soil and become overgrown after two seasons. Only the white tubers in the root mass need replanted, the old black thin rotting roots are no longer alive or growing.